Monday 2 July 2018

Using Managed Service Identity with Key Vault from a .NET Azure Function

So Managed Service Identity along with Azure Functions support went GA recently. If you want to read the announcement and also want to get an overview of MSI, head over here:

In this post, lets have a look at how easy it is to configure Managed Service Identity for an Azure Function and how it can be used together with Key Vault to secure sensitive information like Client Ids, Client Secrets and Passwords.

For example, when building an Azure Function which will interact with some data in SharePoint Online, we need a way to authenticate the Function with SharePoint. Two common methods used for authentication are 1) By creating an Add-In registration in SharePoint (appregnew.aspx) and 2) By using Azure AD authentication by creating an App Registration in Azure AD.

In both cases, we need to secure the ClientID and ClientSecret for the registration in such a way that only our calling code has access and any non-admin user browsing the Azure Function in the portal is prevented from seeing the sensitive data.  So let's see how we can do that using Managed Service Identity:

1) They very first thing you need to do is make sure that Managed Service Identity is configured for your Function App. You can do this simply by going to Function App Settings -> Managed Service Identity and ensuring that it is turned ON.

2) Create a Key Vault (or go to an existing one) and create two Secrets with names "ClientID" and "ClientSecret". You can also create additional Secrets relevant to your solution here.

3) Now we want our Azure Function App to have permissions to access the Key Vault. To do this, go to Access Policies -> Add New

4) Select the Function App as the principal and make sure under Secret permissions, it has at least the "Get" permission:

5) That's it in terms of the config! Now let's move on to the code to access the secured Client ID and Secret:

Make sure your Azure Function has the following NuGet packages:


And here is an HTTP triggered .NET pre-compiled function which fetches the ClientId and ClientSecret from the Key Vault:

That's it! I was really surprised how easy MSI support for Azure Functions makes securing sensitive data. This way, any keys, secrets or passwords used by our solutions can be secured and retrieved without worrying about them getting in the wrong hands!

Quick note on pricing for MSI and Key Vault:

Update (5th August 2018): You can also use MSI when debugging locally. The steps to achieve that are added in this tweet:

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